- European Union is focusing on integrating smart grid technologies in energy systems to achieve system adequacy, energy efficiency, low-carbon and sustainability, circular economy and user comfort.
- Power system’s architecture and its operation is changing due to large share of renewables and distributed energy resources (DERs).
- More interaction between different energy sectors, new storage possibilities and new loads like electrical vehicles, heat pumps, and electrolysers are expected.
- Enabling energy flexibility and efficiency for economic savings in integrated energy systems using ICT tools and big data from advanced metering infrastructures.
- Advanced distributed management systems (ADMS) for smartening active distribution grids are highly essential.
- New load flow patterns in distribution grids, power quality compliance, power system protection and control requires new approaches.
- Handling of big data from smart meters and devices, for flexibility estimation, enhanced controllability and observability of energy networks.
- Integration of ancillary services and distribution system flexibility from DSO level into TSO operation.
- Most of the energy vectors are dis-aggregated and active only in specific markets, and the time scales and capacity allocation for operation and control of energy assets and networks are varied.
- Need for active consumer engagement, incentive mechanisms to consumers/prosumers and their adaptability in responding to variable tariffs, emerging energy market platforms, policies and regulations.
- Lack of operational mechanisms and decision support systems for different energy vectors to expand to other energy markets.