The Energy Internet – Integrating Internet of Things into the Smart Grid

Latest News

  • Annoucement: Prospective Professor Juan C. Vasquez has been awarded again as Clarivate's 2018 Highly Cited Researcher. Only ten researchers from AAU have being listed this year.
  • News: News: Enrique Diaz, Emilio Palacios and Juan C. Vasquez attended the IoT Solutions World Congress 2018 in Barcelona, Spain. The event included 100+ sessions, showcases, dialog sessions covering IoT topics: Emerging Research and Development solutions, Big Data, Smart Cities and Blockchain technologies.

  • News: MGRP hosted a delegation from several representatives from Taiwan (National Taipei Univ. of Technology, National Cheng Kung University, National Sun Yat-Sen university, National Changhua University of Education, National Tsing Hua university and National Taiwan university of University of Science and Technology) supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) on September 6th - 7th. The visit purpose was to define future cooperation and bilaterial fundraising opportunities. A IoT Laboratory walkthrough was done showing the current research finding of the talent project.

  • New: Collaborative meeting with the project partner, Associate Prof. Kai Sun from the Institute of Power Electronics and Electrical Machine Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University.

  • The IoTeam (PhD guest - Saad El Jaouhari, Amjad Anvari, Emilio Palacios, Enrique Rodriguez and Juan C. Vasquez) implemented a new IoT archtiecture on Safety and Health In Future houses as a Proof of Concept integrated in the recently built IoT demostration living house.

  • News: Dr. Emilio Palacios was selected by the Dept of Energy Technology to support him as a potential talent to apply for an Individual Fellowships | Marie Skłodowska-Curie talent 2018. He will attend the AAU MSCA Talent Course 2018 management course.
  • News: Dr. Enrique Diaz and Dr. Emilio Palacios attended the IOT WEEK 2018 on June 4-7 in Bilbao, Spain. The event includes 200+ sessions, workshops and activities covering IoT topics: Emerging IoT Research and Development, IoT and Big Data, IoT and Smart Cities. Special attention will be given to:
    - AIOTI WG03 Semantic Interoperability
    - GIoTS Session: IoT Enabling Technologies
    - Blockchain Technology and IoT New Challenges
    - IoT for Sustainable Development in Africa and Asia
    - Enabling next Generation of Energy Services with IoT

  • News: Dr. Emilio Palacios, Dr. Enrique Diaz and Assoc.Prof. Juan Vasquez will attend the INTERNET WEEK DENMARK. A five days festival with 100+ events in and around Aarhus on May 2 - 6, 2018.
    Relevant sessions:
    - Opening: Where is technology taking us next?
    - Blockchain for everyone (Technologies,Bitcoin, Ethereum & Hyperledger)
    - Angular meet-up day ngAarhus
    - Internet of Things Trends: Trending within Big Data and Machine Learning

  • Annoucement: There is a Special Session on Microgrids 2018. Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2018.

  • News: Emilio Palacios, Enrique Diaz and Juan Vasquez attended the Seminar entitled "Blockchains and Databases: What is the Difference". relevant topics:
    - IBM Fellow C. Mohan: "Blockchains and Databases: A New Era in Distributed Computing"

    - Prof. Torben Bach Pedersen,  "Using Blockchains in the Energy Sector and Beyond"
    - CEO Laurynas Siksnys, "FlexShape:Making Energy Communities Smart with Blockchain"
    Panel session: "When to use blockchains, and when not to?"

  • Annoucement: There is a Special Session on The Digital Revolution in Future Power Distribution and Microgrids In Energies. Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2018. For more information, please see the SS website here


  • Annoucement: Assoc. Professor Juan Vasquez has been awarded as Clarivate's 2017 Highly Cited Researcher. Clarivate Analytics has recently published their 2017 list of Highly Cited Researchers which includes more than 3,300 researchers. Four researchers from the Department of Energy Technology have made it to this year’s list. Please see the full news here.

  • Event: Associate Professor Juan Vasquez, Professor Josep Guerrero, Associate Professor Mehdi Savaghebi and the Postdoctoral Researcher Yajuan Guan presented a Tutorial entitled: The Internet of Energy - The Building-Block for the future Smart Grids at the 43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON2017). 
    Date: October 29 - November 1st, 2017. 8 papers were presented.

  • Event: Dr. Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam attended the 10th IEEE International Conference on Internet of Things (iThings-2017) in Exeter, Devon, UK as the chair of the International Workshop on Energy Internet.

  • Event: Dr Juan Vasquez attended the AAU Talent Management Programme Event with the 2003 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry Peter Agre, MD

  • Update: Dr Juan Vasquez will attend the AAU Interdisciplinary Workshop on Intelligent, Sustainable and Integrated Energy Development and Consumption on April 24. The aim is to bring relevant perspectives and ambitions on future research projects in order to foster innovative interdisciplinary collaboration
  • Update: Dr. Juan Vasquez and Prof. Josep Guerrero will visit the Danish IoT manufacter Develco Products A/S in Aarhus. The purpose of this visit is to establish a partnership intended for future IoT projects. Develco products will be integrated for smart home, smart energy, home security, and healthcare applications in the IoT Microgrid living laboratory.
  • Update: Dr Juan Vasquez will attend the Seconded European Standardization Expert in China (SESEC) webinar  on "EU & China IoT Standardization", given by Dr. Betty Xu on April 11th.
  • Annoucement: Dr Mehdi Savaghebi is a co-chair for a Special Session on Communications and Control in Power and Energy Systems will be held in conjunction with the 17th edition of the IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Wireless Broadband ICUWB’2017 in Salamanca, Spain, from September 12th to 15th, 2017. Deadline: April 24th, 2017. Please see more information here
  • Annoucement: There is a iTHINGS-2017 Special Session on Energy Internet - Integrating Internet of Things into the Smart Energy Systens. Deadline: Extended to 23 March. Please see more information here

  • A short link to this webpage for future citations and references
  • Annoucement: One PhD stipend will be annouced to be started in the first quater of 2017. See all the information here.

  • News: Associate Professor Juan C. Vasquez and Prof. Josep Guerrero will attend the IoT Solutions World Congress taking place October 25-27, 2016.  The congress is building to be an International reference for Industrial Internet-of- Things and Energy use cases. 

  • Selected 18 AAU researchers and the Executive Board for the university's new talent development program as part of the AAU Strategy - Knowledge for the World

  • Two MSc projects proposals have been announced in connection with the research methodology and structure of  this project.

  • Related projects: IDCLAB, DICYPS and the H2020 ICT project VICINITY

Project Formulation and Description

At present, new market, regulatory structures and new energy services in the smart grid seems to be the response to profound changes in the way that energy should be generated, stored, distributed, managed and finally consumed. What makes the global challenge particularly severe is the essential role that energy is playing as a whole. In fact, ecological and sustainability awareness, comfort‐oriented consumers’ behavior, etc., are the factors which are becoming more and more complex to address especially when there is a massive input of smart devices combined with multiple operating systems taking into account interoperability and compatibility issues.

On the other hand, the world is changing rapidly thanks to the technology revolution having an enormous impact on our daily lives at work and at home. In fact, in conjunction with the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm seems to increase the visibility of energy consumption by providing intelligent and automated systems to improve comfort and energy efficiency through comprehensive solutions for connectivity, manageability, and security in the future smart grids.

Graphic inspired by Boston Consulting Group discussion on industry 4.0

Also, thanks to the distributed allocation of smart sensors and smart meters, real‐time energy consumption data can be collected easily and monitored in a user‐friendly interface to improve energy‐aware decision‐making.

This project research will focus on models, methods and techniques/tools that will enable a new level of intelligence and effectiveness in IT infrastructures for a user‐interactive energy system which can also be called Internet of Energy. More specifically, advanced IoT‐based structures, algorithms, and functionalities will be developed to initially interact with the surrounding environment in terms of sensing and metering (e.g., electricity, heat and water in case of Denmark), then processing the information to extract knowledge for more efficient data management and transmission and eventually
optimize energy efficiency in both supply and demand sides. The challenge of this project is to create a path to achieve the intelligent energy grid vision for identifying the opportunities that IoT technologies provide for smart energy systems encompassing distributed generators, virtual power plants, or even microgrids.


Generally, the Smart Grid and the environment it creates is deemed as the Internet of Energy. If there is an adaptation on the behavior of the prosumer devices based on the information that they receive such as electricity price, then energy consuming/producing devices will not be black boxes but can be adapted accordingly instead.

Billions of smart devices are connected to each other, all sharing data securing via the Internet. The following is a list of countries by IoT devices online per 100 inhabitants as published by the OECD in 2015. Note that Denmark is in the second place after South Korea with 32.7 devices online per 100 inhabitants. Some definition of IoT states that IoT era may start when this number reaches 100, i.e. when we cross the barrier of having one device online per habitant. In fact, the interconnection of the technologies themselves will not be valued unless citizens understand the gains.

Figure 1. List of countries by IoT devices per 100 inhabitants in 2015


  • D. Singh, G. Tripathi and A. J. Jara, "A survey of Internet‐of‐Things: Future vision, architecture, challenges and services,"Internet of Things(WF‐IoT), 2014 IEEE World Forum on, Seoul, 2014, pp. 287‐292.
  • M. Alberti D. Singh, "Internet of Things: Perspectives, Challenges and Opportunities", International Workshop on Telecommunications (IWT 2013), INATEL, Brazil, May 6‐9, 2013.
  • L. Atzori, A. Iera, G. Morabito, ”The Internet of Things: A Survey”, Computer networks, 54(16), pp. 2787‐ 2805, 2010.
  • Giusto, A. Iera, G. Morabito, L. Atzori (Eds.), ”The Internet of Things”, Springer, 2010.
  • M. Yun, B. Yuxin, ”Research on the architecture and key technology of Internet of Things (IoT) applied on smart grid, Advances in Energy Engineering” (ICAEE). (2010) 69‐72.
  • Mouzon, G., Yildirim, M.B., Twomey, J., 2007. Operational methods for minimization of energy consumption of manufacturing equipment. Int. J. Prod. Res. 45
  • Smart Electricity Meter Data Intelligence for Future Energy Systems: A Survey, IEEE Trans. Ind. Info.,2016.
  • Devices online per 100 inhabitants, top OECD countries, OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2015, DOI:10.1787/9789264232440-graph120-en
  • The Alliance for Internet of Things Innovation (AIOTI), European Commission,

Publications derived from the latest research

Grant and Period

Project selected from the AAU Talent Programme.

Project Period: 1 Jan 2017 - 31 Dec 2019

Host Institution: Aalborg University



Associate Professor, Juan C. Vasquez

Mentor: Professor Josep M. Guerrero

Project Participants:

Postdoctoral Fellow (2018) Enrique Diaz

Postdoctoral Fellow (2018) Emilio Palacios

Research Assistant: Yonghao Gui

Collaborators: Postdoctoral Researchers Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam and Mehdi Savaghebi




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