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Green and Flexible District Heating/Cooling (HeatReFlex)

Latest news

  • Press Release (House of Energy, January 13, 2020):TURKEY SHOWS GREAT INTEREST IN DANISH ENERGY SOLUTIONS. Here you can read more about the Turkish conditions and the activities of the HeatReflex project.

  • Announcement: Special Session on "Coordinated Operation and Planning of Hybrid Energy Systems" in 29th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE 2020),17-19 June 2020, Delft, The Netherlands. Important dates can be found here

  • News: Assoc. Prof. Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam chaired the session on "Energy Storage for Future Power and Energy Systems" in IECON 2019 on October 17, Lisbon, Portugal.

see the project's older news

Project description

This project will lay the foundation for a future bottom-up energy system based on renewables, communities (from building-level up to cities and beyond), and flexibility providing better user motivation/engagement, stability, and transition to sustainability in Turkey to meet the climate commitments and improve economic competitiveness by employing the Danish experience on efficient heating technologies. The project will also develop a technical framework for optimal planning and operation of thermal energy devices and processes in small to large-scale energy communities supporting distributed heating/cooling generation, storage, conversion, and flexibility with respect to the technical constraints, regulations and policies. Within this project, heat-electricity nexus (such as converting excess electric power to heat), particularly when the electric balancing requirements become more stringent in the presence of variable renewables, will be studied.

Bottom-Up Energy System

The long-term vision of the project is to enable a bottom-up approach for district heating/cooling based on green and renewable energy sources, energy communities, and energy flexibility. The main objectives of this project are:

  • To identify cost-effective and emission-aware solutions for flexible thermal energy production and storage in buildings and to develope suitable while practical business cases to facilitate behavioral change and householders engagement in making flexible and low-carbon communities.
  • To develop data and computing techniques for flexible energy in energy communities, supporting and optimizing energy storage and conversion, and social and financial aspects.
  • To develope a framework to optimally design and control Energy Hubs and to introduce business cases that not only supports heating sector decarbonization through supply-side contribution, but also support user’s practices in demand response actions.
  • To Develope an approach to assess the overall performance and benchmarking of different heating/cooling options at community-level while providing a tool to monitor efficiency developments in heating and cooling sector.
  • To validate both integrated solutions and individual contributions through lab experiments and real-world cases






Assoc. Prof. Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam
E-mail: aam@et.aau.dk

Project Participants:

  • Researcher Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo
  • Professor Josep M. Guerrero
  • Research Assistant Hossein Nami


Grant and period

Danida Fellowship Centre- The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark (MFA)Danida logo

Project Period: 2019-2021

Project no. 18-M06-AAU


  • Aalborg University
  • Gazi University
  • Gaziantep University
  • House of Energy
  • Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality

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